Gerardus Mercator (1512 – 1594) was a Dutch cartographer, philosopher and mathematician. He is best known for his work in cartography, particular the world map of 1569, based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. Also, he was the first to use the term Atlas for a collection of maps.
This map was among the first to indicate an all-water route across the top of North America. An enormous magnetic rock encircled by four islands forms the North Pole. At the time, many people believed that the waters between the islands flowed northward into the centre of the Earth.
Print size: 22 * 21 inches