Gerardus Mercator (1512 – 1594) was a Dutch cartographer, philosopher and mathematician. He is best known for his work in cartography, particular the world map of 1569 based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. Also, he was the first to use the term Atlas for a collection of maps.
This early map shows the Syrian desert, Lebanon, and the mouth of the Tigris in the Persian Gulf, including Babylon and Tripoli, showing the site of Paradise between the four rivers. At the bottom there is a beautiful vignette showing Adam and Eve in Paradise below the apple tree.
Print size: 17 x 13.5 inches